File:Signature of Scott Joplin.svg|thumb|right|Signature of Scott Joplin
'''Scott Joplin''' (; 1867/68 – April 1, 1917) was an African-American
composer and pianist. Joplin achieved fame for his ragtime
compositions and was dubbed the "King of Ragtime Writers".
During his brief career, he wrote 44 original classic rag|ragtime pieces
, one ragtime ballet, and two operas. One of his first pieces, the "Maple Leaf Rag
", became ragtime's first and most influential hit, and has been recognized as the Wiktionary:archetype#Pronunciation|archetypal
Joplin was born into a musical family of railway laborers in Northeast Texas
, and developed his musical knowledge with the help of local teachers. Joplin grew up in Texarkana, Texas|Texarkana
, where he formed a vocal quartet, and taught mandolin and guitar. During the late 1880s he left his job as a laborer with the railroad, and travelled around the Southern...